Adderall is a psycho stimulant drug which is legal and commercially available only in the USA and Canada. Because the US class Adderall as a schedule II substance, it is illegal without a valid prescription, although unfortunately this fact has not deterred many people from abusing this drug for their own personal reasons. Indeed, out of the millions of people who regularly take Adderall, only a small percentage of people have it prescribed.
Adderall is a drug which comprises of an amphetamine and a dextroamphetamine and is commonly used by medical professionals to treat people with Narcolepsy and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity-Disorder (ADHD or ADD). However, many patients who are prescribed the drug can end up taking higher doses to increase their physical and mental performance and this can lead to addiction.
In a 2012 study, 34.5% of college students openly admitted to taking Adderall in order to help them increase their performance during exams. The same case study also found that out of the 34.5%, 19% of this figure were keen athletes. Students are quick to blame daily pressures placed upon them as the reasons why they took Adderall. Because it is so inexpensive and easily accessible over the Internet, it's a great attraction to young people who crave the drug's effects.
Between 2002 and 2005, sales of Adderall in the USA rocketed by 3,100 percent, making it the leading drug in the ADHD market. In 2003 alone, the drug was estimated to have been used by around 15 million people in the US without a valid prescription. These figures clearly illustrate how easy it is to obtain Adderall from the internet or from a dealer.
There are several street names for Adderall which include 'study buddies', 'zing' and 'smart pills'. The drug can be consumed orally, snorted, injected or smoked to increase the amount of dopamine and norepinephrine in the brain which in turn leads to a huge stimulating effect. Overuse and addiction to Adderall can lead to some horrible side effects such as agitation, depression, a decrease in appetite, panic attacks, hallucinations and confusion. Once the 'high' wears off, a person could suffer from episodes of vomiting, nausea, a change in blood pressure levels and even Tourette's syndrome. These hideous side effects come about because Adderall's a central nervous-system stimulant that can alter chemicals in the brain, contributing to hyperactivity and a change in impulse control.
The drug is mainly abused because of the high that it gives the user, and the fact that it's less costly than other illegal drugs such as cocaine. Users are left feeling calmer, but with an alerted state of mind and increased energy levels. This is why Adderall is so popular with students and sportsmen alike. Adderall statistics show that long term use in younger patients can lead to stunted growth which is one of the reasons why children with ADHD using the drug need to be closely monitored by a paediatrician.
A person who is considering coming off Adderall should not do so without some kind of support. A medical professional will gradually lower the dose and monitor the patient regularly and may recommend anti-depressants and drug counseling. Withdrawal symptoms can be very frightening at first and so it's extremely important to seek medical assistance. A person who stops taking large doses of Adderall can expect to experience headaches, dizziness, blurred vision, dryness of the mouth, hair loss, extreme fatigue, depression, irregular heartbeat, restlessness and a decrease in appetite. Anybody who has some or all of these symptoms needs to consult a doctor as soon as possible
Adderall should never be uses alongside other medication unless instructed by a physician. People who are taking drugs such as Marplan, Furoxone and Zelapar cannot take Adderall at the same time due to potentially dangerous side effects. Statistics show that in some cases, Adderall has brought on sudden death in people who had underlying heart defects that they were unaware of. This is why it is only recommended to be used if it's been prescribed by a doctor. The repercussions of taking this drug recreationally can be very dangerous. It is highly unlikely that Adderall would be prescribed to a patient with heart problems or blocked arteries because a doctor would be aware that Adderall can be potentially fatal in these circumstances.